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Awareness of Radiation Protection among Undergraduate Nursing Students

Authors:

H. P. D. Udayangani ,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About H. P. D.
Department of Radiography/Radiotherapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences
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B. S. Weerakoon

University of Peradeniya, LK
About B. S.
Department of Radiography/Radiotherapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences
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Abstract

Background: Since the use of ionizing radiation in the health sector has been expanding, it is critical for healthcare professionals to be trained and appropriately aware of ionizing radiation in order to protect themselves and their patients from its adverse effects. Despite this, radiation awareness among nurses is a poorly researched topic. This study was designed to assess awareness of radiation protection among nursing undergraduates at the Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, University of Peradeniya.

 

Objectives: A cross-sectional descriptive online survey was conducted with a pre-designed questionnaire among 108 nursing undergraduates. The questionnaire consists of 25 questions and was categorized into three sections to evaluate demographic data and awareness of radiation protection. Methods: Paper-based clinical records of 250 outpatients were reviewed randomly using an evaluation form.

 

Results: The response rate was 60.67%. Of the 178 participants, 68.5% were female. Most of the participants (87.0%) were aware of the possible risk associated with medical radiation in diagnostic imaging. 67% and 51.9% reported that they have seen either a lead apron or a thyroid shield when attending to an environment that entails radiation exposure and they knew how to use these on patients or staff, respectively. The mean scores of awareness of radiation hazards and protection of the 4th year, 3rd year, 2nd year and 1st year were 64.04% (SD=2.5725), 63.68% (SD=3.8269), 56.41% (SD= 5.0112) and 38.35% (SD=3.287), respectively.

 

Conclusions: The findings of the present study suggest that there is a lack of awareness of radiation protection among undergraduate nursing students. Therefore, enhancing medical education on radiation hazards and protection is essential.
How to Cite: Udayangani, H.P.D. and Weerakoon, B.S., 2022. Awareness of Radiation Protection among Undergraduate Nursing Students. Sri Lanka Journal of Medicine, 31(2), pp.66–73. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljm.v31i2.334
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Published on 31 Dec 2022.
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