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Original Research Papers

Food habits and physical activities of women with hirsute-polycystic ovary syndrome

Authors:

S. Fonseka ,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About S.
Faculty of Medicine, Departments of Pharmacology
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D. D. J. Bandara,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About D. D. J.
Faculty of Medicine, Departments of Pharmacology
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C. N. Wijeyaratne,

University of Colombo, LK
About C. N.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine
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I. B. Gawarammana,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About I. B.
Faculty of Medicine, Departments of Medicine
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N. S. Kalupahana,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About N. S.
Faculty of Medicine, Departments of Physiology
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S. Rosairo,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About S.
Faculty of Medicine, Departments of  Radiology
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R. Kumarasiri

University of Peradeniya, LK
About R.
Faculty of Medicine, Departments of Community Medicine
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Abstract

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a multisystem disease affecting females of childbearing age. This disease imposes a huge economic, social and psychological burden on the patient. The first line management of PCOS is lifestyle modification. However, there are no Sri Lankan data about the diet and physical activity of these women. This is a case-control study to compare the dietary habits and physical activity between 99 hirsute-PCOS women and 100 age-matched controls. We compared the dietary intake and physical activity of the two groups using a validated food frequency chart and a physical activity questionnaire. The Student t test and Mann-Whitney U test were used for statistical analysis. Food consumption pattern was similar in both groups except for a significantly higher consumption of eggs, refined carbohydrates, pulses and grains in controls. PCOS patents in the BMI category of 18.5 to 24.9 kg/m2 consumed significantly less amounts of fish, eggs, dairy products, pulses and grains. With regard to physical activity, light, moderate and heavy exercise was significantly higher in controls. It is concluded that hirsute PCOS women seem to have different dietary habit and reduced physical activity than controls.
How to Cite: Fonseka, S., Bandara, D.D.J., Wijeyaratne, C.N., Gawarammana, I.B., Kalupahana, N.S., Rosairo, S. and Kumarasiri, R., 2021. Food habits and physical activities of women with hirsute-polycystic ovary syndrome. Sri Lanka Journal of Medicine, 30(1), pp.78–84. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljm.v30i1.201
Published on 01 Jul 2021.
Peer Reviewed

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