Start Submission

Reading: Lipid profile and related factors among adolescents in an urban setting in Sri Lanka: the si...

Download

A- A+
dyslexia friendly

Research Papers

Lipid profile and related factors among adolescents in an urban setting in Sri Lanka: the situation in 2006

Authors:

K.M.G.K. Bandara ,

Regional Health Training Centre, Kadugannawa, LK
X close

P.V.R. Kumarasiri,

Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, LK
X close

D.B. Nugegoda

Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, LK
X close

Abstract

Background: It is reported that high blood pressure, dyslipidaemia, impaired glucose tolerance, and obesity emerge during childhood and adolescence, often clustered together and lead to the occurrence of Cardio Vascular Diseases in later life.

Objectives: The present descriptive, cross sectional study was performed to describe the lipid profile, fasting sugar levels and related factors among adolescents in an urban setting in Sri Lanka.

Methods: Biochemical assessment of serum lipid and glucose levels was carried out among 440 randomly selected students between 14 to15 years, studying in 30 public schools in the Kandy Municipal Council area. Behavioural and biological risk factors were assessed using self-administered questionnaires and biochemical assessment and anthropometry were done using standard techniques

Results: The mean Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS) was 83.43mg/dl and it was significantly higher among the male adolescents (p<0.001). The mean total cholesterol was 184.33mg/dl. The mean total cholesterol (p=0.002), triglycerides (P=0.362) and LDL (P=0.044) were higher among female adolescents. The mean FBS, total cholesterol, triglyceride and LDL values were higher among overweight students than other students in both sexes (P = 0.039). Insufficiently active students had higher mean total cholesterol and LDL levels and lower HDL levels than active students.

Conclusions: The prevalence of high FBS levels was very low but the prevalence of dyslipidaemia was relatively high among adolescents. Overweight status and insufficient physical activity levels are associated with higher cholesterol levels.

How to Cite: Bandara, K.M.G.K., Kumarasiri, P.V.R. & Nugegoda, D.B., (2016). Lipid profile and related factors among adolescents in an urban setting in Sri Lanka: the situation in 2006. Sri Lanka Journal of Medicine. 25(1), pp.11–19. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljm.v25i1.14
Published on 12 Aug 2016.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)

    comments powered by Disqus