Criteria for authorship
Only persons who contributed to the intellectual content of the paper should be listed as authors. The contribution of each author should be indicated on the title page. All persons who have contributed to the work (http://www.icmje.org/recommendations/browse/roles-and-responsibilities/defining-the-role-of-authors-and-contributors.html) should be acknowledged.
Those who contributed to the work but do not meet our authorship criteria should be listed in the Acknowledgments with a description of their contribution. Authors are responsible for ensuring that anyone named in the Acknowledgments agrees to be named.
Financial support and Conflict of interest
Financial support for the work, including equipment and drugs, should be detailed on the title page. These details will be published with the manuscript.
Ethical clearance and consent
All original research related to human data must have been conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and approved by an appropriate Ethics Review Committee. A statement to this effect should be included in the manuscript methods section as well as in the Ethics and consent statement included in the title page, with the name of the Ethics Review Committee and the reference number (if available). The authors should be able to make a copy of the ethical clearance certificate available on request.
All clinical trials must have been registered in an appropriate Clinical Trial Registry and the registration number with the name of the Clinical Trial Registry should be stated in the manuscript.
Studies involving human participants should have obtained informed consent from the participants (or parent/legal guardian/next of kin) and a statement to this effect should be included in the manuscript. Documents related to this process should be made available on request.
Research involving animals and plants should have been conducted in accordance with the accepted institutional, national and international guidelines. Ethics approval should have been obtained from an appropriate Ethics Review Committee, where relevant.
Manuscripts that contain personal details, images and videos related to an individual should be submitted after obtaining informed written consent for publication from the individual concerned (or parent/legal guardian/next of kin). The manuscript must state that such consent was obtained.
Studies involving hazardous chemicals and microorganisms are expected to have carried out in compliance with the institutional biosafety and biosecurity protocols. The manuscript must state that such protocols were adhered to.